China tops U.S. for first time in this ranking of world’s ‘best’ universities

China has overtaken the United States in the main ranking of the world’s best universities.

Among 2,000 schools from more than 90 countries ranked by US News & World Report, 338 Chinese universities were listed, compared to 280 American universities. For the first time, China has surpassed the United States

The results were reported in the “Best Global Universities Ranking” published by the media body on Tuesday. The USA and China were followed by Japan (105 universities), Great Britain (92) and India (81).

The media outlet began compiling its rankings in 2014 as more universities began competing for students as well as faculty and research investment. The rankings are based on a number of parameters, including research reputation, publications, conferences and citations. Student results and individual programs are not included.

The report notes that although China has surpassed the United States by 58 places, the majority of US universities are in the top half of the ranking, including 8 of the top 10 universities.

Here is the overall top 10 list:

  1. Harvard University (USA)

  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)

  3. Stanford University (USA)

  4. University of California-Berkeley (USA)

  5. University of Oxford (UK)

  6. University of Washington-Seattle (USA)

  7. Columbia University (USA)

  8. University of Cambridge (UK)

  9. California Institute of Technology (USA)

  10. John Hopkins University (USA)

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The report added four new topics to the 43 rankings: artificial intelligence; education and educational research; meteorology and atmospheric sciences; and water resources. “They’re hot spots right now and there’s a lot of interest at various levels,” Robert Morse, chief data strategist at US News, told MarketWatch in an email.

Among the top 10 schools for AI, five schools were from mainland China; Carnegie Mellon of the United States is also ranked high.

While pandemic-related public health concerns and travel restrictions have partly led to a sharp drop in numbers over the past two years, rising tensions between the two countries have prompted Chinese students to gradually seek alternatives, both in China and outside the United States. options.

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International student enrollment at U.S. colleges and universities peaked in the 2015-2016 academic year and has been declining since then, the Institute of International Education said, citing visa challenges, competition from other countries with better access to work visas and stronger social and political conditions. Relations between China and other nations.

Here are the top 10 universities in Asia:

  1. Tsinghua University (China)

  2. National University of Singapore (Singapore)

  3. Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

  4. Peking University (China)

  5. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (China)

  6. University of Hong Kong (China)

  7. King Abdulaziz University (Saudi Arabia)

  8. University of Tokyo (Japan)

  9. Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China)

  10. Zhejiang University (China)

Artificial intelligence is one of the few areas that both the US and China consider to be strategic national priorities. The Biden administration signed the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020 in 2021, which aims to advance US leadership in this field.

“The world’s leading powers are racing to develop and implement new technologies that could shape everything about our lives, such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing.
+1.62%,
how we do our jobs, how we fight wars,” Secretary of State Anthony J. Blinken said last year.

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“We want America to maintain our scientific and technological edge because it’s so important for us to thrive in the 21st century economy,” Blinken said in a speech at a technology summit last year.

Five of the top 10 AI schools are from mainland China, including No. 1 Tsinghua University. Carnegie Mellon University is the top US college for AI research, ranking 12th on the list. China also leads in other fields of science, including nanoscience, nanotechnology, polymer science, engineering and physical chemistry.

Fewer Chinese students have attended college in the US since the coronavirus pandemic. According to the US State Department, 52,034 Chinese nationals received F-1 visas between January and September 2022, down from 95,518 in the same period in 2019. The F-1 visa is used by international students to obtain a degree or academic certificate in the United States

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